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Management Map Illustration

Management is probably not something you frequently think about, nor do you often wonder why companies need managers or what they jobs entail. As a ship needs a captain to navigate waterways, an effective organization needs managers to perform key functions. Whether you own a business, or are employed by a private or public entity, for profit or non-profit, management skills are essential.

So, what are managers and what are their different organizational roles? Managers' duties include planning, organizing, directing, and controlling but there are different types of managers. As demonstrated in the sample Organizational Chart, managers are an instrumental because they must be able to communicate information effectively with all levels of employees.

The chart demonstrates the need for both Human Resources Management and Management and Supervision which are distinctly different. Why are these areas different? Isn't it all the same? Let's look at the difference.

Human Resources Management focuses on a company's competitiveness, growth, and success and are charged with finding, screening, recruiting, and training job applicants, and administering employee-benefit programs, in compliance with federal and state laws.
The Human Resources Program supports the following occupations: Human Resources Assistant, Human Resources Coordinator, Human Resources Specialist, Human Resources Compensation Specialist, Human Resources Compensation Coordinator, Human Resources Benefits Specialist, Human Resources, Benefits Coordinator, and for individuals who want to upgrade their skills and knowledge in the key area of Human Resources or Human Capital Management.

Management and Supervision focuses the numerous responsibilities of creating a cohesive and communicative company culture which promotes engaged and high-performing organizational teams. The Management and Supervision Program prepares students to obtain employment as a management trainee, supervision assistant, shift Leader / coordinator, entry-level production supervisor, team leader, and team leaders, first line managers and a wide range of other positions.

What careers look like

Career information below is taken from in November 2019. Go to for most current career information. Data for Los Angeles/Long Beach/Anaheim

Human resources specialists recruit, screen, interview, and place workers. They also handle employee relations, compensation and benefits, and training and support operations.​

Typical Education Level: Salary: Hourly Median Wage:
​Bachelor’s Degree ​$60,880/year ​$29.27 /hour
Work Experience in a Related Occupation:​ ​Job Outlook 2018-2028: ​Number of Jobs 2018:
​None needed ​5% increase ​625,700

​Management analysts propose ways to improve an organization's efficiency.

​Typical Education Level: ​Salary: ​Hourly Median Wage:
​Bachelor’s Degree ​$$83,610/year $40.20/hour
Work Experience in a Related Occupation:​ ​Job Outlook 2018-2028: ​Number of Jobs 2018:
Less than 5 years needed 14% increase 876,300

Administrative services managers plan, direct, and coordinate supportive services of an organization.

Typical Education Level: ​Salary: ​Hourly Median Wage:
Bachelor’s Degree $96,180/year $46.24/hour
Work Experience in a Related Occupation:​ ​Job Outlook 2018-2028: ​Number of Jobs 2018:
Less than 5 years needed 7% increase 300,200

Plan, direct, or coordinate activities of an organization or department that serves food and beverages.

​Typical Education Level: ​Salary: ​Hourly Median Wage:
Associate Degree or higher $58,960/year $28.35/hour
Work Experience in a Related Occupation:​ ​Job Outlook 2018-2028: ​Number of Jobs 2018:
Less than 5 years needed 2% increase 219,160

Industrial production managers oversee the daily operations of manufacturing and related plants.

​Typical Education Level: ​Salary: ​Hourly Median Wage:
Bachelor’s Degree $103,380/year $49.70/hour
Work Experience in a Related Occupation:​ ​Job Outlook 2018-2028: ​Number of Jobs 2018:
None needed 1% increase 186,500

Before you start

Steps to Success

Explore our management educational pathways and career options by following the steps below.

  1. Schedule an appointment with your LAHC academic counselor to review our programs.
  2. Discuss your career and goals with your counselor to develop your success strategy.
  3. Investigate the how you can achieve Certificates of Achievement while completing your AA, AS, or AS-T degree.
  4. Develop a Student Education Plan (SEP) with your counselor – this maps your courses for completion.
  5. Survey the four-year colleges and universities that match for your career goals for transfer.

Still in high school? You can complete college credits through our Dual-enrollment program.

Talk with your high school counselor about how to earn college credits while you're finishing your high school. Diploma.

Program Learning Outcomes: Business

Program Learning Outcomes: Upon successful completion of the program, students will be able to:

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  • demonstrate a firm understanding and working knowledge of the basic functions of a business enterprise, including the following components: business entrepreneurship, economics, business law, finance, human resource management, and marketing.
  • demonstrate a firm understanding of the communication process in a business and professional setting, including: written, oral (including non-verbal), and electronic communication, and active listening.
  • evaluate issues across the range of business functional areas by recognizing and analyzing problems using creativity, sound judgment, and business principles; and interpret business conditions, activities, or problems to provide solutions and means of continuous improvement in functional areas with consideration to the solutions impact on business enterprise "Big Picture"
  • demonstrate actions of integrity, honesty and ethical, socially responsible in decision-making and interaction with customers, co-workers, employers, general public and society in general.
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General Counseling

For more information or assistance visit the general counseling page.
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Career Job Placement Center

For more information visit the Career and Job Placement Center page.
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